Alder: Burns quickly does not produce much heat.
Apple: Must be seasoned for a slow steady burn, small flame with good heat.
Ash: Burns best when dry, the best wood for burning giving both a good flame and heat. Will burn green.
Beech: Can spit embers with some power burns nearly as well as ash.
Birch: Gives a nice smell and produces a good heat but it burns quickly.
Cedar: Gives a lovely scent and burns well with a small flame when dry.
Cherry: Produces a nice scent, burns slow with a good heat.
Chestnut: Will produce a small flame and average heat, will spark.
Douglas Fir: Poor for burning, produces little flame or heat.
Elder: Burns quickly produces lots of smoke and not much heat.
Elm: Season for two years to burn well, will produce smoke, commonly sold as firewood.
Hazel: A good timber for burning.
Holly: Best when seasoned for a year but will burn when green.
Hornbeam: Burns like beech.
Laburnum: This poisonous tree produces a foul smoke which will taint food, one to avoid.
Larch: Produces a good heat, a nice scent and crackles as it burns.
Laurel: Burns with a brilliant flame.
Lime: Burns poor with a dull flame.
Maple: A good choice.
Oak: Old oak gives an excellent heat and burns slowly and steadily, Avoid new oak which gives foul smoke and a poor flame.
Pear: Lovely scent and produces a good heat.
Pine: A bright warm flame but prone to spitting, some species give a nice scent and coloured flame.
Plane: Sparks when very dry, burns well.
Plum: Lovely smell and good heat.
Poplar: Burns terribly.
Rhododendron: The thick old stems burn best.
Robinia (Acacia): Burns slowly, with good heat, but with foul smoke.
Spruce: Sparks and burns quickly.
Sycamore: Do not burn green, dry burns with a medium heat and good flame.
Thorn: Excellent, a slow burner with little smoke and good heat.
Walnut: A good burner with a nice scent.
Willow: Must be dry to use, burns slow with poor flame and sparks.
Yew: One of the best, burns slowly, produces a strong heat with a nice scent.